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大学英语四级深度阅读题及详解

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1.What is it about Americans and food? We love to eat, but we feel 1 about it afterward.
We say we want only the best, but we strangely enjoy junk food. We’re 2 with health and weight loss but face an unprecedented epidemic of obesity(肥胖). Perhaps the 3 to this ambivalence(矛盾情结) lies in our history. The first Europeans came to this continent searching for new spices but went in vain. The first cash crop(经济作物) wasn’t eaten but smoked. Then there was Prohibition, intended to prohibit drinking but actually encouraging more 4 ways of doing it. The immigrant experience, too, has been one of inharmony. Do as Romans do means eating what “real Americans” eat, but our nation’s food has come to be 5 by imports—pizza, say, or hot dogs. And some of the country’s most treasured cooking comes from people who arrived here in shackles. Perhaps it should come as no surprise then that food has been a medium for the nation’s defining struggles, whether at the Boston Tea Party or the sit?ins at southern lunch counters. It is integral to our concepts of health and even morality whether one refrains from alcohol for religious reasons or evades meat for political 6 But strong opinions have not brought 7 . Americans are ambivalent about what they put in their mouths. We have become 8 of our foods, especially as we learn more about what they contain. The 9 in food is still prosperous in the American consciousness. It’s no coincidence, then, that the first Thanksgiving holds the American imagination in such bondage(束缚). It’s what we eat—and how we 10 it with friends, family, and strangers—that help define America as a community today. A. answer I. creative B. result J. belief C. share K. suspicious D. guilty L. certainty E. constant M. obsessed F. defined N. identify G. vanish O. ideals H. adapted 【答案及详解】 1. D feel 是一个系动词,可以判断此处应填入一个形容词,通过上下文意思,以及后 面介词 about, 可以确定选项为 D 项 guilty, 短语 feel guilty about sth. “对……感到有愧”。 全句的意思为“我们很爱吃,但是往往在吃完之后又有负罪感”。 2.M be obsessed with 为固定搭配,原意为“被……附上/缠住/迷住心窍”,放在本句表 示“十分重视”。全句的意思为“我们很关心健康和减肥,但肥胖却又空前地在蔓延”。 3. A 本句缺一个名词作主语,并且根据和介词 to 的搭配,可以推断出正确选项 answer. 4. I 本句根据 more 和 ways 可以判断出需要填入一个形容词构成比较级,根据上下 文,表示“旨在禁止酗酒的禁酒令,却激发了更多新奇的方法来酗酒”,可以确定 I 为正确选 项。 5. F 本题较难。根据 be 和 by 确定应填入一个过去分词。再根据上下文,上文表示 “应该吃典型的美国人吃的食物”,下文通过 but 转折,表示实际上“美国的食物已经被诸如 比萨和热狗这样的舶来品所诠释了”,因此可以确定 F 为正确选项。 6.B 政治结果,可根据宗教原因 religious reasons 来推断此处填政治结果。 7. L 由于横线后面没有宾语,可以确定不是形成 bring 的短语,这样本句所缺的为一 名词,做 bring 的宾语。根据下文解释,“美国人对他们所吃的食物的态度是矛盾的”,可以

推出本句意义为“坚定的观点也不是确定不变的”。因此可以确定 L 为正确选项。 8. K 系动词 become 后应填入一个形容词,和后面介词 of 形成短语 be/become suspicious of “对……感到怀疑”。 9. J 本句缺一个名词作主语,并且根据和介词 in 的搭配,可以推断出正确选项 belief,(have)belief in sth.“ 相信……”。 10. C 本句是一般现在时,缺一个动词,且和 with 搭配,确定选项为 share, share sth. with sb., “与某人分享某事”。

2.

Our quarrel with efficiency is not that it gets things done, but that it is a thief of time when it leaves us no leisure to enjoy ourselves, and that it strains our nerves when we try to get things done perfectly. In building bridges, American engineers calculate so finely and exactly as to make the two ends come together within one-tenth of an inch. But when two Chinese begin to dig a tunnel from both sides of a mountain both come out on the other side. --The Chinese’s firm belief is that it doesn’t matter so long as a tunnel is dug through, and if we have two instead of one, why, we have a double track to boot. The pace of modern industrial life forbids this kind of glorious and magnificent idling. But, worse than that, it imposes upon us a different conception of time as measured by the clock and eventually turns the human being into a clock himself. (This sort of thing is bound to come to China, as is evident, for instance, in the case of a factory of twenty thousand worker. The luxurious prospect of twenty thousand workers coming in at their own sweet pleasure at all hours is, of course, somewhat terrifying.)Nevertheless, such efficiency is what makes life so hard and full of excitement. A man who has to be punctually at a certain place at five o’clock has the whole afternoon from one to five ruined for him already. Every American adult is arranging his time on the pattern of the schoolboy - three o’clock for this, five o’clock for that, six-thirty for change of dress, sixfifty for entering the taxi, and seven o’clock for arriving at the destination. It just makes life not worth living. 1. The writer objects to efficiency mainly on the grounds that it ____. A) entitles us to too much leisure time B) urges us to get things done punctually C) deprives us of leisure time D) imposes on us a perfect concept of time 2. In the eyes of the author, the introduction of industrial life gives rise to ____. A) the excitement of life B) magnificent idling of time C) more emphasis on efficiency D) terrifying schoolboy 3. The passage tells us ____. A) Chinese workers come to work when it is convenient B) all Americans are forced to be efficient against their will C) Chinese engineers are on better terms with the management D) Americans ought not to work so hard for efficiency 4. The author believes that relaxing the rule of punctuality in factories would lead to ____. A) great confusion B) increased production C) a hard and exciting life D) successful completion of a tunnel 5. What is implied but NOT stated by the author is that ____. A) every American is arranging his time in the pattern of a schoolboy B) every American is reluctant to be efficient C) every one should have some time to spend as he pleases
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D) being punctual is an undesirable habit which should not be formed 答案: 1.C)deprives us of leisure time 对应原文第一句 but that it is a thief of time when it leaves us no leisure to enjoy ourselves. 选项 A 是与作者想法完全相反的; 选项 B 虽有章 可循, 但要注意原文是 it strains our nerves when we try to get things done perfectly, 而非 it 直接 urges us to get things done punctually; 选项 D 要看清, 原文是 a different conception of time 而非 a perfect concept of time. 2.C)more emphasis on efficiency 对应原文第二段第一句 The pace of modern industrial life forbids this kind of glorious and magnificent idling. 通过第一段可以看出, 与 efficiency 对立的是 this kind of glorious and magnificent idling, 而 industrial life 又 forbids, 自然说明 industrial life gives rise to more emphasis on efficiency. 3.D)Americans ought not to work so hard for efficiency. 排除法: A)Chinese workers come to work when it is convenient 不符合原文()中的内容; B)all Americans are forced to be efficient against their will 语气太重, 不是被强迫讲求效率, 也不是违背自己意愿, 只是为 了适应工业社会; C)Chinese engineers are on better terms with the management 不属于 本文讨论范畴。。。 4.A)great confusion 对应原文(This sort of thing is bound to come to China, as is evident, for instance, in the case of a factory of twenty thousand worker. The luxurious prospect of twenty thousand workers coming in at their own sweet pleasure at all hours is, of course, somewhat terrifying.) 5.C)every on should have some time to spend as he pleases, 这是 4 个选项中唯一一 个符合 is implied but NOT stated 两个条件的. A 选项有被直接提及, B 选项 reluctant 是不 愿的意思, 而本文并非讨论愿不愿的问题, D 选项 being punctual is an undesirable habit which should not be formed, 黑体部分分别为守时和不良*惯的意思, 显然不是作者本意. 总结一下, 今天这期比昨天讲小猫小狗的阅读要难一些- -, 是一篇既要求词汇量, 同时 又要求答题技巧的典型的阅读理解. 所谓答题技巧, 就是首先要读懂文章的大概意思, 然后 注意一些关键句子.
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关键句子很有可能出现在段落的连接部分, 比如开头和结尾. 一般情况下, 阅读理解的 前面几道题是可以从原文的关键句子中直接找出答案的, 而后面几道题, 往往要求综合全文 来分析. 最*几天的阅读, 大体分为两种: 一种是偏向主观论述的阅读, 比如倒数 55 天的癌 症、倒数 53 天的空调和今天的效率; 另一种是偏向客观叙述的阅读, 比如倒数 52 天的家养 宠物和倒数 54 天的无家可归的儿童. 前者往往要着重考虑作者的中心思想, 后者往往要着 重考虑作者的整体内容.

3. Now let us look at how we read. When we read a printed text, our eyes
move across a page in short, jerky movement. We recognize words usually when our eyes are still when they fixate. Each time they fixate, we see a group of words. This is known as the recognition span or the visual span. The length of time ofr which the eyes stop ---the duration of the fixation ---varies considerably from person to person. It also vaies within any one person according to his purpose in reading and his familiarity with the text. Furthermore, it can be affected by such factors as lighting and tiredness.

Unfortunately, in the past, many reading improvement courses have concentrated too much on how our eyes move across the printed page. As a result of this misleading emphasis on the purely visual aspects of reading, numerous exercises have been devised to train the eyes to see more words at one fixation. For instance, in some exercises, words are flashed on to a screen for, say, a tenth or a twentieth of a second. One of the exercises has required students to fix their eyes on some central point, taking in the words on either side. Such word patterns are often constructed in the shape of rather steep pyramids so the reader takes in more and more words at each successive fixation. All these exercises are very clever, but it’s one thing to improve a person’s ability to see words and quite another thing to improve his ability to read a text efficiently. Reading requires the ability to understand the relationship between words. Consequently, for these reasons, many experts have now begun to question the usefulness of eye training, especially since any approach which trains a person to read isolated words and phrases would seem unlikely to help him in reading a continuous text. Q: 1. The time of the recognition span can be affected by the following facts except ________ . A. one’s familiarity with the text B. one’s purpose in reading C. the length of a group of words D. lighting and tiredness 2. The author may believe that reading ______. A. requires a reader to take in more words at each fixation B. requires a reader to see words more quickly C. demands an deeply-participating mind D. demands more mind than eyes 3 What does the author mean by saying “but it’s one thing to improve a person’s ability to see words and quite another thing to improve his ability to read a text efficiently.” in the second parapraph? A. The ability to see words is not needed when an efficient reading is conducted. B. The reading exercises mentioned can’t help to improve both the ability to see and to comprehend words. C. The reading exercises mentioned can’t help to improve an efficient reading. D. The reading exercises mentioned has done a great job to improve one’s ability to see words. 4. Which of the following is NOT true? A. The visual span is a word or a group of words we see each time. B. Many experts began to question the efficiency of eye training. C. The emphasis on the purely visual aspects is misleading. D.The eye training will help readers in reading a continuous text. 5. The tune of the author in writing this article is ________ A critical B neutral

C prssimistic D optimistic 答案:CCCDA 解题思路 1 C。事实细节题。第一段提到了影响视幅的因素:不同的人,不同的阅读目的,对 材料的熟悉程度,光线,疲劳。C“一组词的长度”不是能影响视幅的因素,是本题的答 案。 2 C。观点态度题。作者在第二段第二句提到,眼睛训练课程只注重了阅读的视觉因 素。倒数第二句书哦,阅读要求具备理解单词间关系的能力。因此选项 C“阅读需要大脑的 深度参与”正确。作者没有否定阅读的视觉因素的必要性,但是也没有说读者应该练*拓宽 视幅,加快阅读速度。所以 AB 两项都不正确。作者没有对大脑和眼睛在阅读过程中的重 要性进行对比,所以不选 D 3 C。 作者在这句话中先是肯定了那些阅读练*提高看单词的能力,然后提出了有效 阅读概念。后面句中还指出,有效阅读需要的是理解单词间的联系的能力。所以作者的意 思应该是那些(训练眼睛的)阅读练*对与有效的阅读无益。B 与文章相反。D 句是蕴涵其 中一个意思,却不是作者想表达的方向。 4 D。 第二段最后一句说,眼睛训练对于帮助读者阅读连贯文章无益,所以 D 是错 的,是本题答案。 5 A。 参考前面的结构剖析,作者写本文的主要目的是对那些只关注阅读的视觉因素 的阅读能力课程进行批判,所以答案应该是 A。

4. Now let us look at how we read. When we read a printed text, our eyes move across a
page in short, jerky movement. We recognize words usually when our eyes are still when they fixate. Each time they fixate, we see a group of words. This is known as the recognition span or the visual span. The length of time ofr which the eyes stop ---the duration of the fixation ----varies considerably from person to person. It also vaies within any one person according to his purpose in reading and his familiarity with the text. Furthermore, it can be affected by such factors as lighting and tiredness. Unfortunately, in the past, many reading improvement courses have concentrated too much on how our eyes move across the printed page. As a result of this misleading emphasis on the purely visual aspects of reading, numerous exercises have been devised to train the eyes to see more words at one fixation. For instance, in some exercises, words are flashed on to a screen for, say, a tenth or a twentieth of a second. One of the exercises has required students to fix their eyes on some central point, taking in the words on either side. Such word patterns are often constructed in the shape of rather steep pyramids so the reader takes in more and more words at each successive fixation. All these exercises are very clever, but it’s one thing to improve a person’s ability to see words and quite another thing to improve his ability to read a text efficiently. Reading requires the ability to understand the relationship between words. Consequently, for these reasons, many experts have now begun to question the usefulness of eye training, especially since any approach which trains a person to read isolated words and phrases would seem unlikely to help him in reading a continuous text. Q: 1. The time of the recognition span can be affected by the following facts except ________ . A. one’s familiarity with the text B. one’s purpose in reading

C. the length of a group of words D. lighting and tiredness 2. The author may believe that reading ______. A. requires a reader to take in more words at each fixation B. requires a reader to see words more quickly C. demands an deeply-participating mind D. demands more mind than eyes 3 What does the author mean by saying “but it’s one thing to improve a person’s ability to see words and quite another thing to improve his ability to read a text efficiently.” in the second parapraph? A. The ability to see words is not needed when an efficient reading is conducted. B. The reading exercises mentioned can’t help to improve both the ability to see and to comprehend words. C. The reading exercises mentioned can’t help to improve an efficient reading. D. The reading exercises mentioned has done a great job to improve one’s ability to see words. 4. Which of the following is NOT true? A. The visual span is a word or a group of words we see each time. B. Many experts began to question the efficiency of eye training. C. The emphasis on the purely visual aspects is misleading. D.The eye training will help readers in reading a continuous text. 5. The tune of the author in writing this article is ________ A critical B neutral C prssimistic D optimistic 【答案及详解】 答案:CCCDA 解题思路 1 C。事实细节题。第一段提到了影响视幅的因素:不同的人,不同的阅读目的,对 材料的熟悉程度,光线,疲劳。C“一组词的长度”不是能影响视幅的因素,是本题的答案。 2 C。观点态度题。作者在第二段第二句提到,眼睛训练课程只注重了阅读的视觉因 素。倒数第二句书哦,阅读要求具备理解单词间关系的能力。因此选项 C“阅读需要大脑的 深度参与”正确。作者没有否定阅读的视觉因素的必要性,但是也没有说读者应该练*拓宽 视幅,加快阅读速度。所以 AB 两项都不正确。作者没有对大脑和眼睛在阅读过程中的重 要性进行对比,所以不选 D 3 C。 作者在这句话中先是肯定了那些阅读练*提高看单词的能力,然后提出了有效 阅读概念。后面句中还指出,有效阅读需要的是理解单词间的联系的能力。所以作者的意 思应该是那些(训练眼睛的)阅读练*对与有效的阅读无益。B 与文章相反。D 句是蕴涵其中 一个意思,却不是作者想表达的方向。 4 D。 第二段最后一句说,眼睛训练对于帮助读者阅读连贯文章无益,所以 D 是错 的,是本题答案。 5 A。 参考前面的结构剖析,作者写本文的主要目的是对那些只关注阅读的视觉因素 的阅读能力课程进行批判,所以答案应该是 A。

5. The standardized educational or psychological tests, which are widely used to aid in selecting, assigning or promoting students, employees and militarypersonnel, have been the target of recent attacks in books, magazines, the daily press, and even in Congress. The target is wrong, for, in attacking the tests, critics divert attention from the fault that lies with illinformed or incompetent users. The tests themselves are merely tools. Whether the results will be valuable, meaningless, or even misleading depends partly upon the tool itself but largely upon the user. All informed predictions of future performance are based upon some knowledge of relevantpast performance. How well the predictions will be validated by later performance depends upon the amount, reliability and appropriateness of the information used and on the skill and wisdom with which it is interpreted. Anyone who keeps careful score knows that the information availableis always incomplete and that the predictions are always subject to error. Standardized tests should be considered in this context: they provide a quick, objectivemethod of getting some kind of information about what a person has learned, the skills he has developed, or the kind of person he is. The information so obtained has, qualitatively, the same advantages and shortcomings as other kinds of information. Whether to use tests, other kinds of information, or both in a particular situation depends, therefore, upon the empirical evidenceconcerning comparative validity and upon such factors as cost and availability. In general, the tests work most effectively when the traits or qualities to be measured can be most precisely defined ( for example, ability to do well in a particular course of training program ) and least effectively when what is to be measured or predicted cannot be welldefined, for example, personality or creativity. Properly used, they provide a rapid means of getting comparable information about many people. Sometimes they identify students whose high potential has not been previously recognized. 1. In this passage, the author is primarily concerned with _________. A. the necessity of standardized tests B. the validity of standardized tests C. the method used in interpreting the results of standardized tests. D. the theoretical grounds of standardized tests. 2. We can infer from the passage that _______. A. standardized tests should no longer be used. B. results of standardized tests accurately reflect the abilities of the testees C. the value of standardized tests lies in their proper interpretation D. special methods must be applied to the result of standardized tests. 3. The word “empirical” (Line 6, Para.3) most probably means “ ___________” A. theoretical B. critical C. indisputable D. experiential 4. According to the passage, standardized tests work work most effectively when ____________. A. the user knows how to interpret the results in advance. B. the objectives are most clearly defined. C. the persons who take the test are intelligent or skillful.

D. they measure the traits or qualities of the tests 5. The author’s attitude toward standardized tests could be described as _______. A. positive B. critical C. prejudiced D. indifferent. 难句突破: ★The standardized educational or psychologicaltests, (which are widely used to aid [in selecting, assigning or promoting students, employees andmilitary personnel,]) have been the target of recent attacks [in books, magazines, the daily press, and even in Congress.] 【分析】复合句。主句主语带有一个很长的非限定性定语从句,由 which 引导。从句 中还有三个并列的动名词短语。 ★How well the predictions will be validated by later performance depends upon the amount,reliability and appropriateness of the information used and on the skill and wisdom (with which it is interpreted.) 【分析】复合句。how 引导的从句作主语从句。主句的谓语有两个并列的部分,and 与 on 之间省略了第二个谓语动词 depends。which 引导一个定语从句。 答案,解题思路,全文翻译~ DDDBA 解题思路 1 选 D。主旨大意题。第一段是给出话题,作为主题内容的第二、三段都是对标准花 测试的理论基础的介绍。 2 选 D。推理判断题。第二段提到,要进行准确预测必须有两个条件,一个是获得的 信息本身,另一个是对所获得的信息进行分析。所以对于标准化测试所获得的信息,也必 须使用特殊的方法进行分析。因此 D 正确。原文中,作者是反对抨击标准化考试的。因此 A“标准化考试不应再使用”可排除。测试结果是否有效,取决与很多因素,B 过于绝对。标 准化测试的价值在于它的快速和客观性,所以 C 错误。 3 选 D。语意理解题。前句提到通过标准化测试所获得的信息与其他信息一样有缺 点,也有优点。那么到底采用哪种信息,就应该根据以往实际应用效果为依据的意见。 D 正是。ABC 分别是:理论上的,紧要的,无可争辩的。 4 选 B。事实细节题。文章最后一段提到,当所要测定的特性能被很准确地界定时, 测试最为有效。 5 选 A。 观点态度题。文章第一段中作者就提出不应该抨击标准化考试;弊病不在测 试本身,而在使用者。最后提出如果使用得当,标准化考试能为人民提供游泳的比较信 息。综上所述,可知作为对标准化测试是持肯定态度的。ABCD 分别为:肯定的,批评 的,有偏见的,不关心的。

6.There has been a lot of unfair and biased criticism of families who
welcome foreign students into their homes. I should like to tell you of my own personal experiences, which are not so different from my neighbors’ experience, I might add. A host family is sent students by school or college and their homes are regularly inspected by theaccommodation staff. If a home is below the required standard, the family is removed from the school’s accommodation list. Apart from this, the host family is obliged to follow certain rules, as laid down by the school. The problem is that the host family cannot inspect students or refuse to accept the ones who look dirty, unreliable or noisy. And they don’t seem to follow any rules at all in their behavior to the host family. We are often treated like servants or hotel staff, which is rude and bad manners. The fee paid to a host family only just covers the actual cost of providing meals etc. A hostess is lucky to make more than a pound or two "profit" on each student. One has to remember that she has to wash their clothes, allow them to have hot baths, pay for their lighting and the heating in their bedrooms, and cope with damage to furniture, bedding and carpets. Another thing is that most of them do not want to be part of the family. They prefer to be out with other students causing annoyance to local residents in the town center. They remain in their bedrooms all morning and afternoon if they can, resting before the evening so that they can go out until the early hours of the morning. Bedrooms like pigsties(猪圈). Food, empty bottles and waste paper all go under the bed. When taken to task the reply is invariably that they don’t understand or that the school has told them they may do as they wish. Not only that, but we have to put up with their complaints about the food, the weather and even our TV programs. It’s time foreign students were taught to be polite and to behave properly, as well as how to speak English! 1. The author’s attitude towards foreign students as mentioned in the passage is ____. A) critical B) questioning C) approving D) objective 2. By "biased" (Line1, Para.1) the author means ____.

A) supreme B) partial C) preferable D) prejudiced 3. Which of the following is mentioned in the second paragraph? A) The accommodation standard is set up by the staff of a hotel B) A host family usually has no alternative but to accept the student assigned C) A student is sometimes treated rudely, like a servant D) A host family may reject any student candidate who looks undesirable 4. The passage tell us ____. A) foreign students keep good terms with their hostesses B) foreign students come to stay with their host families to learn English C) a hostess does not make much profit because she has to buy new furniture D) the local TV programs are very popular among foreign students 5. The main purpose of the author in writing this passage is ____. A) to criticize foreign students for not sharing housework with their hostesses B) to suggest that a new accommodation standard be laid down C) to complain about the irresponsibility of foreign students D) to give an account of his personal experiences with foreign students 1.A) critical, 批判的、批评的. D 不能搭配题干中的 attitude towards foreign students, 又因本文立场明确, 故 B 也不对. A 是完全不对。 2.D) prejudiced, 有成见的. 出现地点:There has been a lot of unfair and biased criticism of families who welcome foreign students into their homes. 通过 unfair and 可推断出 biased 也为反面意思, 只有 D 是反面意思. 这几个词 可以记一记。 3.B) A host family usually has no alternative but to accept the student assigned 对应原文第三段第一句 The problem is that the host family cannot inspect students or refuse to accept the ones who look dirty, unreliable or noisy. 第二段和第三段亦刚好可以用来解释 ACD 为什么是错 的。。。 4.标准答案为 B) foreign students come to stay with their host families to learn English, 怕是又错了。。。偶觉得该选 C)a hostess does not make much profit because she has to buy new furniture. 首先 A 和 D 都是明显错的, B 中的

learn English 只是最后一句有所提及, It’s time foreign students were taught to be polite and to behave properly, as well as how to speak English, 但这个 learn English 和 stay with their host families 的关系并非 B 所讲的那样. C 对应原文第四段, 最多是 because 后面的内容不全面, 但比 ABD 看起来要好。。。个人意见, 欢迎讨 论。。。 5.C)to complain about the irresponsibility of foreign students, 本文的主 旨。

7. There has been a lot of unfair and biased criticism of families who
welcome foreign students into their homes. I should like to tell you of my own personal experiences, which are not so different from my neighbors’ experience, I might add. A host family is sent students by school or college and their homes are regularly inspected by the accommodation staff. If a home is below the required standard, the family is removed from the school’s accommodation list. Apart from this, the host family is obliged to follow certain rules, as laid down by the school. The problem is that the host family cannot inspect students or refuse to accept the ones who look dirty, unreliable or noisy. And they don’t seem to follow any rules at all in their behavior to the host family. We are often treated like servants or hotel staff, which is rude and bad manners. The fee paid to a host family only just covers the actual cost of providing meals etc. A hostess is lucky to make more than a pound or two "profit" on each student. One has to remember that she has to wash their clothes, allow them to have hot baths, pay for their lighting and the heating in their bedrooms, and cope with damage to furniture, bedding and carpets. Another thing is that most of them do not want to be part of the family. They prefer to be out with other students causing annoyance to local residents in the town center. They remain in their bedrooms all morning and afternoon if they can, resting before the evening so that they can go out until the early hours of the morning. Bedrooms like pigsties(猪圈). Food, empty bottles and waste paper all go under the bed. When taken to task the reply is invariably that they don’t understand or that the school has told them they may do as they wish.

Not only that, but we have to put up with their complaints about the food, the weather and even our TV programs. It’s time foreign students were taught to be polite and to behave properly, as well as how to speak English! 1. The author’s attitude towards foreign students as mentioned in the passage is ____. A) critical B) questioning C) approving D) objective 2. By "biased" (Line1, Para.1) the author means ____. A) supreme B) partial C) preferable D) prejudiced 3. Which of the following is mentioned in the second paragraph? A) The accommodation standard is set up by the staff of a hotel B) A host family usually has no alternative but to accept the student assigned C) A student is sometimes treated rudely, like a servant D) A host family may reject any student candidate who looks undesirable 4. The passage tell us ____. A) foreign students keep good terms with their hostesses B) foreign students come to stay with their host families to learn English C) a hostess does not make much profit because she has to buy new furniture D) the local TV programs are very popular among foreign students 5. The main purpose of the author in writing this passage is ____. A) to criticize foreign students for not sharing housework with their hostesses B) to suggest that a new accommodation standard be laid down C) to complain about the irresponsibility of foreign students D) to give an account of his personal experiences with foreign students 1.A) critical, 批判的、批评的. D 不能搭配题干中的 attitude towards foreign students, 又因本文立场明确, 故 B 也不对. A 是完全不对. 2.D) prejudiced, 有成见的. 出现地点:There has been a lot of unfair and biased criticism of families who welcome foreign students into their

homes. 通过 unfair and 可推断出 biased 也为反面意思, 只有 D 是反面意思. 这几个词 可以记一记. 3.B) A host family usually has no alternative but to accept the student assigned 对应原文第三段第一句 The problem is that the host family cannot inspect students or refuse to accept the ones who look dirty, unreliable or noisy. 第二段和第三段亦刚好可以用来解释 ACD 为什么是错 的。。。 4.标准答案为 B) foreign students come to stay with their host families to learn English, 怕是又错了。。。偶觉得该选 C)a hostess does not make much profit because she has to buy new furniture. 首先 A 和 D 都是明显错的, B 中的 learn English 只是最后一句有所提及, It’s time foreign students were taught to be polite and to behave properly, as well as how to speak English, 但这个 learn English 和 stay with their host families 的关系并非 B 所讲的那样. C 对应原文第四段, 最多是 because 后面的内容不全面, 但比 ABD 看起来要好。。。个人意见, 欢迎讨 论。。。

8. Sporting activities are essentially forms of hunting behavior. Viewed
biologically, the modern foot-baller is in reality a member of a hunting group. His killing weapon has turned into a harmless football and hisprey into a goal-mouth. If his aim is accurate and he scores a goal, he enjoys the hunter’s triumph of killing his prey. To understand how this transformation has taken place we must briefly look back at our forefathers. They spent over a million years evolving as cooperative hunters. Their very survivaldepended on success in the hunting-field. Under this pressure their whole way of life, even their bodies, became greatly changed. They became chasers, runners, jumpers, aimers, throwers and preykillers. They cooperated as skillful male-group attackers. Then about ten thousand years ago, after this immensely long period of hunting their food, they became farmers. Their improved intelligence, so vital to their old hunting life, was put to a new use - that of controlling and domesticating their prey. The hunt became suddenly out of date. The food was there on the farms, awaiting their needs. The risks and uncertainties of the hunt were no longer essential for survival. The skills and thirst for hunting remained, however, and demanded new outlets. Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity. This new activity involved all the original hunting sequences but the aim of the operation was

no longer to avoid starvation. Instead the sportsmen set off to test their skill against preys that were no longer essential to they survival. To be sure, the kill may have been eaten but there were other simpler ways of obtaining a meaty meal. 1. The author uses the example of the football game to tell us ____. A) sporting activities are forms of biological developments B) the difference between sports and hunting C) the reason why man used to go in for hunting D) sporting activities have actually evolved from hunting 2. In hunting what is equivalent to a goal-mouth in football match is ____. A) a killing weapon B) a hunting field C) a prey D) a member of a hunting group 3. According to the author, our ancestors survived as hunters for over a million years basically through their ____. A) common sense B) cooperation C) farming knowledge D) adventures 4. The world "activity"(Line 2, Para.5) refers to ____. A) sporting activities B) domesticating wild animals C) growing crops D)hunting 5. Which of the following best summarizes the main idea of this passage? A) Sporting activities satisfy the desire of modern men to practice hunting skills which the forefathers developed for survival. B) It is farming that brings human into close contact with nature. C) Sporting activities are vital to human existence because they excuse humans from risks and uncertainties. D) It is farming that makes hunting completely out of date and unnecessary. 1. D)sporting activities have actually evolved from hunting 对应原文第一句 Sporting activities are essentiallyforms of hunting behavior.

2. C)a prey 对应原文学 His killing weapon has turned into a harmless football and his prey into a goal-mouth. 3. B)cooperation 对应原文 They spent over a million years evolving as cooperative hunters. 4. A)sporting activities. 出现地点:This new activity involved all the original hunting sequences but the aim of the operation was no longer to avoid starvation. 注意前一句 Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity. 5. A)Sporting activities satisfy the desire of modern men to practice hunting skills which the forefathers developed for survival 为本文主旨.

9.
Scientists say they have discovered hints of alien life on the Saturn’s moon. The discovery of a sort of life wasannounced after researchers at the US space agency,NASA,analyzed data from spacecraftCassini,which pointed to,the existence of methane-based form of life on Saturn’s biggest moon. Scientists have reportedly discovered clues showing primitive alien beings are"breathing" in Titan’s dense atmosphere filled with hydrogen. They argue that hydrogen gets absorbed before hitting Titan’s planetlike surface covered with methane lakes and rivers. This,they say,points to the existence of some"bugs" consuming the hydrogen at the surface of the moon less than half the size of the Earth. "We suggested hydrogen consumption because it’s the obvious gas for life to consume on Titan,similar to the way we consume oxygen on Earth,"says NASA scientist Chris McKay."If these signs do turn out to be a sign of life,it would be doubly exciting because it would represent a second form of life independent from water-based life on Earth." To date,scientists have not yet detected this form of life anywhere,though there are liquid- water-based microorganisms on Earth that grow well on methane or produce it as a waste product. On Titan, where temperatures are around 90 Kelvin(minus 290 degrees Farenheit),a methanebased organism would have to use a substance that is liquid as its medium for living processes, but not water itself. Water is frozen solid on Titan’s surface and much too cold to support life as we know it. Scientists had expected the Sun’s interactions with chemicals in the atmosphere to producea coating of acetylene on Titan’s surface. But Cassini detected no acetylene on the surface. The absence of detectable acetylene on the Titan’s surface can very well have a non-biologicalexplanation,said Mark Allen,a principal investigator of the NASA Titan team. "Scientific conservatism suggests that a biological explanation should be the last choice after all non-biological explanations are addressed,"Allen said. "We have a lot of work to do to rule out possible non-biological explanations. It is more likely that a chemical process,without biology,can explain these results." 1 .What have scientists found about Saturn?

A They have found a new moon orbiting Saturn. B They have found methane-based life on Saturn. C They have found methane-based life on Titan. D They have found earthlike life on a Saturn’s moon. 2. What do scientists say about Titan? A There are life clues there. B There is acetylene there. C Water on Titan exists in the form of ice. D Rivers and lakes there contain life formls. 3. To date,scientists have not yet detected this form of life.(paragraph 5)What does"this form of life" refer to? A Water-based life. B Methane-based life. C Liquid-water-based microorganisms. D Gas-based life. 4. What can be inferred from what Allen said? A Scientists have different arguments over whether there is life on Titan. B Scientists all agree that there is life on Titan. C Scientists all suggest that a biological explanation is reasonable. D Scientists all agree that a non-biological chemical reaction is a possible explanation. 5. Which of the following can replace the title of this passage? A Earthlike Living Beings Found on Titan. B Finding of One More Moon of Saturn. C Titan,a New Satellite Found. D A different Life Form, a Possibility. 1. C 短文的第一段提供了答案。该段告诉读者,科学家在土星的卫星土卫六( Titan ) 上发现了生命的迹象,这些生命的存在是以甲烷为基础的。 2.A 根据第二段“Scientists have reportedly discovered clues showing primitive alien beings are breathing’ in Titan’s dense atmosphere filled withhydrogen.”,说明土卫六 (Titan)有生命迹象。因此 A 是答案。 3. B this form of life 指的是土卫六( Titan )上以甲烷为生命基础呼吸氢气的生 物,即该文讨论的主题。 4.A 科学家至今对土卫六是否存在生物有不同的观点和解释。Allen 说要做出土卫六 上有生 物的结论,首先必须对 Titan 上没有生物的观点做出回应;要排除土卫六上可能没有 生物的观点,我们还须付出努力。所以只有 A 是正确选择。 5.D 该短文的主题是,科学家在土卫六(Titan)上发现了一种与地球生物不同的生命 形式的迹象,即以甲烷为生命基础呼吸氢气的生物,但科学家还未能最后验证这一发现。 第四段中的一个句子能够揭示该短文的主题:“If these signs do turn out to be a sign of life, it would bedoubly exciting because it would represent a second form of life independent from water-based life on Earth.”




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